Agriculture is a key and priority sector in Cameroon’s economy. It employs about 70% of the active population, accounts for 42% of the GDP and represents 51% of exports. The country’s geographic location and climate have endowed it with a rich and diversified agricultural potential.
There is a need to promote the processing of agricultural produce. Agricultural production is experiencing a boom, not only for traditional crops grown for domestic consumption, but also for the non-traditional crops like Irish potatoes, onions, wheat, rice and various vegetables, that are consumed locally and also exported.
Cameroon has a livestock population estimated at 5 million heads of cattle and 7 million sheep and goats, mostly in the Far-North, North and Adamaoua Provinces.
The processing of animal products is a very fast-growing sector, especially the dairy industry.
In 1991, the Government set up a pilot milk project in Ngaoundere, with a farm and fresh milk production plant.
The project objective was two-fold: to develop Cameroon’s dairy production by reducing the baneful effects of imports and to create new sources of income for stockbreeders.
The privatization of the sector led to the creation of SMEs and the satisfaction of an ever-increasing demand.
Actors in the poultry sector and officials of the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Animal Husbandry have held discussions on the issue of home-based processing of poultry.
The fishing sector has not been fully explored, but is a sector which is full of opportunities.