Tourism is a principal industry in the service sector at the global level as well as a major source of jobs and a significant generator of foreign exchange at the national level. Tourism has become one of the leading and fastest growing industries in the global economy. The urge of tourist to travel is based on different attractions that exist in a particular destination.
The tourism industry gives the tourist the opportunity to view and have good memories. Planning and managing attraction is what makes the difference and makes the visitor to stay longer or repeat visitation. Cameroon has many factors and trends to promote tourism in Cameroon such as seaside tourism, ecotourism, safari tourism, mountain tourism, sport tourism and cultural heritage that make it a captivating destination.
Cameroon has what it takes to attract lovers of the sea and the beach. The country is blessed with a conductive terrain and natural sandy beaches. Limbe and Kribi are the two main poles of tourist attraction. Cameroon is a peaceful and stable country that is the envy of many other countries. The temperate climate is very pleasant. Cameroon is described as ‘all of Africa in one country’, Cameroon has a truly diversed environment stretching from the Sahel in north to the rainforests of the southeast, the luxurious green mountains of the west and white sandy beaches of the south. Seaside tourism in Cameroon is available in “plages de Souelaba, Reserve de Douala/ Edea, Ocean Division” (Kribi), Fako Division (Limbe).
Cameroon is characterized by a variety of ecosystems which offer her the possibility of developing her ecotourism. Coastal and marine ecosystems for a main part made of mangrove swamps; multifaceted forests ecosystems made up of various national parks and reserves which are fit for ecotourism for example watching of animals, birds, and flora. In these ecosystems, there are also pygmies who are mainly ancient people of the forest with habits and customs peculiar to them. Moreover, mountain ecosystems with a variety of wildlife, flora and populations are characterized by crater lakes and wonderful waterfalls. If Cameroons ecotourism experiences growth, the country will be far more than what it is today. Ecotourism can be enjoyed in places like the vast plains bordering the Logone River in the Far-North and the Benoue in the North, Waza National park, Mobombe Waterfall, Parc National de Korup and the Ebogo ecotourism site.
Cameroon’s cultural potential reflects the ethnic diversity of its people, made of over 250 different ethnic groups. This cultural variety is illustrated in the lifestyle, folklore, dressing and handicraft. A unique quality for Cameroon is its “chefferies”, the French term for traditional chiefs. They offer the visitor a hint of culture and folklore. The most renowned “cheffery” is Bamoun in Foumban in the western region. Its history dates back to the 16th century and is made of the Sultan and his court.