The pan-African political organization has decided to supervise in a special way the next presidential election in Cameroon to be held on October 7 with nine candidates including Paul Biya, the outgoing President vying for this prestigious post.
Given the stakes of this election, which takes place in a very tense context over a large part of the national territory, Moussa Faki Mahamat, the president of the African Union Commission, has instructed that this is a long-term observation mission of the AU deployed in Cameroon. Four teams of analysts and eight long-term observers (LTOs) arrived in Yaounde, Cameroon on September 5, 2018 and will stay in the country until October 19, 2018 to evaluate global election process Long-term union observation methodology.
The long-term observation mission will be accompanied by a short-term observation mission close to the polling stations of October 7, from September 28, 2018 to October 10, 2018 explains the pan-African organization in a statement issued on Wednesday 05 September 2018.
In the same announcement, it is stated that the mandate of the Mission derives from the relevant African Union instruments on democracy, elections and human rights, in particular the 2007 African Union Charter on Human Rights, democracy, elections and governance; the 2002 OAU / AU Declaration on Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa; the 2002 African Union Guidelines on Election Observation and Monitoring Missions; and the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, and act in accordance with these international and regional instruments and other relevant instruments, as well as with the legal framework governing elections in Cameroon.
The AU also recalls in its communiqué that the overall objective of African Union election observation missions is to promote democracy and enhance public confidence in electoral processes in AU member states. The missions are deployed in accordance with the aspirations of the African Union set out in Agenda 2063, in particular aspiration 3, which aims to ensure good governance, democracy and respect for human rights, human rights and human rights, justice and the rule of law on the continent. The holding of credible, democratic and peaceful elections in the member states is considered essential for the realization of the aspirations of the African Union and its overall goal of ensuring an integrated, peaceful and prosperous continent.
Over the last three decades, a global movement of nonpartisan citizen election monitoring has collectively mobilized millions of citizens around the world to participate in their countries’ democratic processes as election observers. When citizens come together to observe elections, they may have a number of goals. Depending on the context, civil society might mobilize to observe an election in order to: engage citizens in the election process; deter fraud; expose problems and irregularities; provide an accurate measure of the quality of the election; promote confidence in the process and outcomes; and provide recommendations for improving the process for the next election. In the longer term, citizen election observation helps ensure electoral integrity, and strengthens civil society’s capacity to promote citizen participation, engage in policy advocacy and foster governmental accountability within and well beyond the election cycle.