Decentralization. Paul Biya Gives New Impetus to Accelerate Process

The President of the Republic on Wednesday signed the organizational chart of the Ministry of Decentralization and Local Development which now gives the new structure the need impetus to begin field work.

Shawn-Nathan EPANG

There is no gainsaying that the Presidential Decree signed on Wednesday evening organizing the Ministry of Decentralization and Local Development (MINDDEVEL) was expected since the creation of this ministerial department during the cabinet reshuffle that occurred on March 2, 2018. The backbone of the pioneer staff of the ministry is now known.

If the head of the ministerial department and his Secretary General are already in office, we now have an idea of ​​what his administration will look like following decree of the President of the Republic, relating to the organizational chart of the ministry. The Presidential action now gives a new impetus to the process of decentralization which President Paul Biya promised in his end-of-year address to the nation last December 31, would be accelerated.

Moreover, the missions assigned to this ministry are, once again, clearly defined. As its name implies, these are oriented towards two specific areas: decentralization and local development.

With regards to decentralization, it concerns the elaboration of legislation and regulations relating to the organization and operation of decentralized territorial communities, evaluation and monitoring of the implementation of decentralization. ; The monitoring and control of decentralized territorial authorities (CTD); the application of legislation and regulations on civil status.

Finally, under the authority of the President of the Republic, the Minister of Decentralization and Local Development exercises the supervision of the State over decentralized territorial councils. In the field of local development, it is up to the ministerial department to promote the socio-economic development of decentralized territorial collectivities and good governance within them. In addition, it exercises State supervision over a number of organizations involved in this sector. This is the case with the Local Council Support Fund for Mutual Assistance (FEICOM), the Local Government Training Center (CEFAM) and the National Civil Status Registry Bureau (BUNEC).

The central administration comprises of a general secretariat, five directorates, two divisions and a national brigade of control of the decentralized territorial collectivities which has, among other missions, the evaluation of the functioning and the control of the management of the local councils in the administrative, financial and accounting aspects, their internal audit, the control of the regularity of their administrative, financial and accounting documents; promoting the values ​​of ethics and good governance within these structures.

Monitoring the management of local elected officials, municipal staff is also taken into account. As well as emphasis on monitoring partnerships between local councils and other cities abroad. The financing of decentralization alone has a direction, which no doubt makes it possible to understand the importance of this aspect in the life of these entities. As for deconcentrated services, they consist of regional and Divisional delegations. In total, there are 99 articles that reaffirm the will of the public authorities to make this sector, one of the levers for development of local communities.

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